Responsiveness of platelets and coronary arteries from different species to synthetic thromboxane and prostaglandin endoperoxide analogues

British Journal of Pharmacology
S E BurkeJ B Smith


1--Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) from humans, cats, dogs (after addition of 10 microM adrenaline), rabbits and guinea-pigs aggregated in response to sodium arachidonate or 9,11-azo-prostaglandin H2, while PRP obtained from sheep was unresponsive to either agent. 2--The stable thromboxane (Tx) analogues, carbocyclic TxA2 (CTA2) and pinane TxA2 (PTA2) significantly inhibited these aggregatory responses in platelets from humans, dogs and guinea-pigs, while PTA2 but not CTA2 produced significant inhibition in cat platelets. The aggregatory response of PRP from rabbits was not significantly blocked by either analogue. 3--CTA2 and the endoperoxide analogue 9,11-methanoepoxy PGH2 (U-46619) constricted coronary arteries from cats, dogs, rabbits and guinea-pigs, while sheep vessels were unresponsive to either analogue. 4--Vasoconstrictor responses to U-46619 were significantly attenuated by PTA2 in vessels from all species. However, constriction produced by CTA2 was blocked significantly only in vessels from cats, dogs and guinea-pigs. 5--These results demonstrate the species differences which exist in the responsiveness of platelets and coronary arteries to thromboxane and endoperoxide analogues. Furthermore, the results illustrate the im...Continue Reading


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