May 13, 2010

Resting and post-exercise serum biomarkers of cardiac and skeletal muscle damage in adolescent runners

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Jinlei NieQ Shi


This study examined the response of serum biomarkers of cardiac and skeletal muscle damage at rest and after a routine workout of 21 km run in 12 male adolescent (16.2±0.6 years) long-distance runners. Biomarkers of cardiac [troponins (cTnT, cTnI), creatine kinase MB mass (CK-Mbmass)] and skeletal muscle [creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBD)] damage were assayed at rest, 2, 4 and 24 h post-exercise. At rest, cTnT and cTnI were not detectable; however, CK, CK-MBmass, AST, ALT and HBD were above corresponding clinical cut-off values. Post-exercise significant elevations above rest were observed for all biomarkers, except ALT, 2 and 4 h following the run, and remained elevated in cTnI, CK, CK-MBmass, LDH and AST 24 h post-workout. A significant increase in data points above clinical cut-off values from rest to post-exercise was reported for cTnT, cTnI and CK at 2 and 4 h, and in cTnI and CK 24 h post-exercise. In conclusion, a 21 km run in adolescent runners increased post-exercise biomarkers of cardiac and skeletal muscle damage.

Mentioned in this Paper

Troponin I
Creatine Kinase MB Isoenzyme
TNNI3 wt Allele
Running (Physical Activity)
Soleus Muscle Structure
Creatine Kinase Measurement
Aspartate Transaminase
Troponin T2

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