Results after coronary bypass operation

Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift
D WitteE Silberer

Abstract

To determine the influence of various risk factors on 30-day postoperative mortality rate of aortocoronary bypass operation at different centres. Data on 227 patients (179 men, mean age 63 [40-87] years; 48 women, mean age 68 [44-81] years), 219 first operations, 8 second operations) were retrospectively analysed. In all patients the indications for aortocoronary bypass surgery had been established in the last 3 months of 1993. The operations had been performed at six cardiac centres in Germany (five in Hessen [H1-H5]) and in three hospitals elsewhere in Europe outside of Germany (E1-E3). The operative mortality was relatively high (5.3%), 152 patients (67%) presenting with one or more risk factors accounting for an increased perioperative mortality. The mortality rate was significantly higher for: clearly impaired left ventricular function (ejection fraction < 40%): 20 vs 3% with an ejection fraction > or = 40% (P < 0.001); emergency operation: 16.6 vs 2.7% for elective operation (P < 0.001); advanced age (> or = 70 years): 10.9 vs 3.1% for younger patients (P < 0.025); and unstable angina: 9.2 vs 2.9% with stable angina (P < 0.05). Most of the bypasses were done with the internal mammary artery (63.9%, usually combined with v...Continue Reading

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