Feb 6, 2020

Retinal vascular inflammatory and occlusive changes in infectious and non-infectious uveitis

Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Toshikatsu KaburakiMakoto Aihara


Retinal vasculitis and occlusive changes are important signs of posterior uveitis and are possible diagnostic markers for uveitis. However, the frequency of arteritis and phlebitis in various uveitis entities, including infectious uveitis (IU) and non-infectious uveitis (NIU), have not been systematically investigated. Retrospective. We investigated the frequency of retinal vascular inflammatory and occlusive changes in patients with IU and NIU. The study included 283 patients with intermediate, posterior, or pan-uveitis who were diagnosed with IU (presumed tuberculous uveitis, acute retinal necrosis, cytomegalovirus retinitis, human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1-associated uveitis, toxoplasmic retinitis, syphilitic uveitis, rubella virus-associated uveitis, fungal endophthalmitis, and bacterial endophthalmitis) or NIU (sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, human leukocyte antigen-B27-associated uveitis, systemic lupus erythematosus retinopathy, psoriatic uveitis, rheumatoid arthritis/collagen disease-associated uveitis, multiple sclerosis-associated uveitis, and sympathetic ophthalmia). All patients underwent fluorescein angiography (FA) and color photography examinations of the fundus. Presence of in...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tendon Sheath
Fungal Endophthalmitis
Occlusion of Artery
Lymphotropic virus
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Retinal Vasculitis

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