PMID: 8396187Jan 1, 1993Paper

Retinoic acid-induced decrease of DNA synthesis and peroxidase mRNA levels in human thyroid cells expressing retinoic acid receptor alpha mRNA

Life Sciences
L del SennoE C degli Uberti


In order to clarify the effect of retinoids on thyroid cell growth and function, the presence of retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and the action of retinoic acid (RA) on DNA synthesis and on thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (TGB) mRNA expression were investigated in primary cultures of human thyroid follicular cells. A time and dose-dependent reduction in 3H-thymidine (3H-thy) incorporation was found in cells exposed for 48 h to all-trans-RA up to 1 microM. A cytotoxic effect was found only with the higher dose of 50 microM. The RA-induced decrease of 3H-thy incorporation was reflected by parallel change in DNA content of cell monolayers. The inhibitory effect of 1 microM RA on 3H-thy incorporation ranged from 28.5 +/- 4.6% in normal cells to 42 +/- 3.2% in adenomatous cells. In addition, 1 microM RA significantly reduced basal and TSH-induced TPO mRNA levels in normal, goitrous and adenomatous cells, but did not alter TGB mRNA levels. Furthermore, in these cells the study of RAR alpha and beta mRNA showed the presence of two major RAR alpha mRNA transcripts of approximately 3.5 and 2.8 Kb in size, whereas RAR beta mRNA was undetectable. Overall, our data indicate that RAR alpha gene is expressed in human thyrocytes and...Continue Reading


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