Jun 17, 1998

Retrovirus-mediated gene transfer targeted to retinal photocoagulation sites

Diabetologia
T MurataS J Ryan

Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of acquired blindness due to the development of retinal neovascularization and associated traction retinal detachment. It is commonly treated with retinal photocoagulation therapy; however, progression to blindness remains a significant problem. To determine the feasibility of adjunctive anti-angiogenic gene therapy, we evaluated the capability of retroviral vectors, which transfer exogenous genes only into dividing cells, to transfer and express a beta-galactosidase gene selectively into photocoagulation sites. Thirty-five rabbits received 30 retinal photocoagulation burns in the right eye followed 2 days later by beta-galactosidase (G1nBgSvNa) or control (G1XSvNa) vector injection into the subretinal space. Beta-galactosidase expression was observed in the photocoagulation sites from 5 days after vector administration (31.7+/-7.0%) to 12 weeks (6.7+/-3.4%). Immunohistochemical studies of the treated retinas using antibody Ber-MAC3 and anti-cytokeratin antibodies revealed that transduced cells were macrophages and retinal pigment epithelial cells. To determine feasibility in a primate, two monkeys received 10 laser burns in the macula superior to the fovea followed 2 days later by G1nBgSvN...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Macula Densa
Gene Transfer Techniques
GLB1
Entire Retina
Angiogenic Process
Retinal Detachment
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Keratin
Blind Vision
Retinal Diseases

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