Apr 13, 2020

Disentangling the Independent Contributions of Visual and Conceptual Features to the Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Scene Categorization

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Michelle R. Greene, B. C. Hansen

Abstract

Human scene categorization is characterized by its remarkable speed. While many visual and conceptual features have been linked to this ability, significant correlations exist between feature spaces, impeding our ability to determine their relative contributions to scene categorization. Here, we employed a whitening transformation to decorrelate a variety of visual and conceptual features and assess the time course of their unique contributions to scene categorization. Participants (both sexes) viewed 2,250 full-color scene images drawn from 30 different scene categories while having their brain activity measured through 256-channel EEG. We examined the variance explained at each electrode and time point of visual event-related potential (vERP) data from nine different whitened encoding models. These ranged from low-level features obtained from filter outputs to high-level conceptual features requiring human annotation. The amount of category information in the vERPs was assessed through multivariate decoding methods. Behavioral similarity measures were obtained in separate crowdsourced experiments. We found that all nine models together contributed 78% of the variance of human scene similarity assessments and was within the no...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Genetic Disorders Screening
Meta Analysis (Statistical Procedure)
Classification
Needle Device
Pathogenic Organism
Protein Function
Whole Exome Sequencing
Evaluation
Sequencing

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