PMID: 7085732Mar 1, 1982Paper

Rhabdomyoma of the heart: surgical treatment

The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
J Gutiérrez de LomaJ M Brito


Rhabdomyoma of the heart may cause severe hemodynamic obstruction specially in infants. Medical treatment carries a 100% mortality, but there are no clear surgical indications for these patients. Accordingly we reviewed the world literature (30 operated patients) adding our own experience (1 successfully operated patient) Based on our data and that of other we conclude: (1) Severely ill patients with rhabdomyoma should be operated upon. Age or associated tuberous sclerosis are not surgical contraindications. (2) Removal of the hemodynamic obstruction should be the main surgical goal. Radical resection of the tumor is not necessary and may be dangerous. (3) Surgical mortality is acceptable and it is becoming lower with time. (4) Long-term outcome for successfully operated patients is unknown.

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