Dec 18, 2014

Rhenium and technetium complexes that bind to amyloid-β plaques

Dalton Transactions : an International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
David J HaynePaul S Donnelly

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease is associated with the presence of insoluble protein deposits in the brain called amyloid plaques. The major constituent of these deposits is aggregated amyloid-β peptide. Technetium-99m complexes that bind to amyloid-β plaques could provide important diagnostic information on amyloid-β plaque burden using Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT). Tridentate ligands with a stilbene functional group were used to form complexes with the fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re or (99m)Tc) core. The rhenium carbonyl complexes with tridentate co-ligands that included a stilbene functional group and a dimethylamino substituent bound to amyloid-β present in human frontal cortex brain tissue from subjects with Alzheimer's disease. This chemistry was extended to make the analogous [(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3](+) complexes and the complexes were sufficiently stable in human serum. Whilst the lipophilicity (log D7.4) of the technetium complexes appeared ideally suited for penetration of the blood-brain barrier, preliminary biodistribution studies in an AD mouse model (APP/PS1) revealed relatively low brain uptake (0.24% ID g(-1) at 2 min post injection).

  • References30
  • Citations4

References

  • References30
  • Citations4

Mentioned in this Paper

Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
APP protein, human
Complex (molecular entity)
Aggregation
Brain
Uptake
Plaque, Amyloid
Alzheimer's Disease
Dental Plaque

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