PMID: 9002100Jan 1, 1997Paper

Rhinovirus infection associated with serious lower respiratory illness in patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia

The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
A S ChidekelA R Bazzy

Abstract

To determine the characteristics of rhinovirus infection in patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Between July 1, 1993, and July 1, 1995, 40 patients with bronchopulmonary dysplasia were identified. Viral cultures were obtained in ambulatory patients presenting with an acute respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or in hospitalized patients with a respiratory deterioration. When rhinovirus was isolated epidemiologic data were collected, and the characteristics of the illness, its severity and outcome were noted. Key features of rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis were compared. There were 8 cases of lower respiratory tract illness associated with rhinovirus infection in 6 infants (mean age, 7.1 +/- 4.1 months) and 1 child (age, 40 months), an incidence of 0.15 infection/patient year. The mean gestational age and birth weight of these patients were 27.3 (+/- 2.75) weeks and 853 (+/-341) g, respectively. There were 5 males. Four patients needed intensive care unit admission and 1 required mechanical ventilation. By comparison there were 13 cases of RSV bronchiolitis, an incidence of 0.25 infection/patient year. The 2 groups were similar epidemiologically and an equal proportion of patients wi...Continue Reading

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