Jun 1, 1976

Ribulose biophosphate carboxylase from Thiobacillus A2. Its purification and properties

Archives of Microbiology
A M Charles, B White

Abstract

Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase (EC 4.1.1.39) from Thiobacillus A2 has been purified to homogeneity on the basis of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and U.V. analysis during sedimentation velocity studies. The enzyme had an optimum pH of about 8.2 with Tris-HCl buffers. The molecular weight was about 521000 with an Srel. of 16.9. Km for RuBP was 122 muM, for total "CO2" it was 4.17 mM, and for Mg2+ 20.0 muM. The absolute requirement for a divalent cation was satisfied by Mg2+ which was replaceable to a certain extent by Mn2+. Activity was not significantly affected by SO(2-4), SO(2-3), or S(2)O(2-3) at 1.0 mM. At this concentration S(2-) caused a 27% stimulation. All mercurials tested were inhibitory. pHMB was the most potent causing about 60% inhibition at 0.04 mM. This inhibition was reversible by low concentrations of cysteine. Cyanide was also inhibitory. Its mode of inhibition with respect to RuBP was un-competitive and with a Ki of 20 muM. Lost activity could be restored partially by GSH or Cu2+. Although azide at the concentration tested had no significant effect on enzyme activity, 2, 4-dinitrophenol at 1.0 mM caused 91% inhibition. Finally, activity was also affected by energy charge.

  • References15
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Buffers
Dinitrophenols
Cations, Divalent
Isocyanides
Lyase
Ions
Tromethamine
Carboxy-Lyases
Sulfhydryl Reagents
Enzyme Activity

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