Feb 7, 2013

RidA proteins prevent metabolic damage inflicted by PLP-dependent dehydratases in all domains of life

MBio
Jennifer A LambrechtDiana M Downs

Abstract

Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is a coenzyme synthesized by all forms of life. Relevant to the work reported here is the mechanism of the PLP-dependent threonine/serine dehydratases, which generate reactive enamine/imine intermediates that are converted to keto acids by members of the RidA family of enzymes. The RidA protein of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium LT2 is the founding member of this broadly conserved family of proteins (formerly known as YjgF/YER057c/UK114). RidA proteins were recently shown to be enamine deaminases. Here we demonstrate the damaging potential of enamines in the absence of RidA proteins. Notably, S. enterica strains lacking RidA have decreased activity of the PLP-dependent transaminase B enzyme IlvE, an enzyme involved in branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis. We reconstituted the threonine/serine dehydratase (IlvA)-dependent inhibition of IlvE in vitro, show that the in vitro system reflects the mechanism of RidA function in vivo, and show that IlvE inhibition is prevented by RidA proteins from all domains of life. We conclude that 2-aminoacrylate (2AA) inhibition represents a new type of metabolic damage, and this finding provides an important physiological context for the role of the ubiquit...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Bacterial Proteins
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase
Keto Acids
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Hypokinesia
SDS gene
Salmonella enterica
Imines
Gene Deletion

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