Managing the provision of safe drinking water has a renewed focus in light of the new World Health Organization (WHO) water safety plans. Risk analysis is a necessary component to assist in selecting priority hazards and identifying hazardous scenarios, be they qualitative to quantitative assessments. For any approach, acute diarrhoeal pathogens are often the higher risk issue for municipal water supplies, no matter how health burden is assessed. Furthermore, potential sequellae (myocarditis, diabetes, reactive arthritis and cancers) only further increase the potential health burden of pathogens; despite the enormous uncertainties in determining pathogen exposures and chemical dose-responses within respective microbial and chemical analyses. These interpretations are currently being improved by Bayesian and bootstrapping approaches to estimate parameters for stochastic assessments. A case example, covering the health benefits of ozonation for Cryptosporidium inactivation versus potential cancers from bromate exposures, illustrated the higher risks from a pathogen than one of the most likely disinfection by-products (DBPs). Such analyses help justify the industries long-held view of the benefits of multiple barriers to hazards a...Continue Reading
The possible role of Coxsackie A and echo viruses in the pathogenesis of type I diabetes mellitus studied by IgM analysis
Determination of volatile organics in drinking water with USEPA method 524.2 and the ion trap detector
A mathematical model for the infectivity-dilution curve of tobacco mosaic virus: theoretical considerations
Could myocarditis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and Guillain-Barré syndrome be caused by one or more infectious agents carried by rodents?
Risk screening for exposure to groundwater pollution in a wastewater irrigation district of the Mexico City region
Detection of chlorinated and brominated byproducts of drinking water disinfection using electrospray ionization-high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry
Balancing the risks and benefits of drinking water disinfection: disability adjusted life-years on the scale
A ten-year longitudinal examination of repetition priming, incidental recall, free recall, and recognition in young and elderly
Ozonation of drinking water: part II. Disinfection and by-product formation in presence of bromide, iodide or chlorine
Development and implementation of water safety plans for small water supplies in Bangladesh: benefits and lessons learned
Characterization, DBPs formation, and mutagenicity of different organic matter fractions in two source waters
Health risk assessment of inhalation exposure of irrigation workers and the public to trihalomethanes from reclaimed water in landscape irrigation in Tianjin, North China
Drinking water quality: an in vitro approach for the assessment of cytotoxic and genotoxic load in water sampled along distribution system
Cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of drinking water: a comparison between two different concentration methods
The suppressive effect of Mekabu fucoidan on an attachment of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts to the intestinal epithelial cells in neonatal mice
Effects of chlorination operating conditions on trihalomethane formation potential in polyaluminum chloride-polymer coagulated effluent
Solar-photocatalytic disinfection of Vibrio cholerae by using Ag@ZnO core-shell structure nanocomposites
Effects of chlorinated drinking water on the xenobiotic metabolism in Cyprinus carpio treated with samples from two Italian municipal networks
Genotoxicity of quinolone antibiotics in chlorination disinfection treatment: formation and QSAR simulation
Sensitive quantification of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica , and Campylobacter jejuni by combining stopped polymerase chain reaction with chemiluminescence flow-through DNA microarray analysis
A comparative analysis of current microbial water quality risk assessment and management practices in British Columbia and Ontario, Canada
Field Application of the Micro Biological Survey Method for a Simple and Effective Assessment of the Microbiological Quality of Water Sources in Developing Countries
Inactivation and injury of Escherichia coli in a copper water storage vessel: effects of temperature and pH
N-nitrosodimethylamine and trihalomethane formation and minimisation in Southeast Queensland drinking water
Looking Upstream: Findings from Focus Groups on Public Perceptions of Source Water Quality in British Columbia, Canada
Prioritizing environmental issues around the world: opinions from an international Central and Eastern European environmental health conference
Low-level bromate analysis in drinking water by ion chromatography with optimized suppressed conductivity cell current followed by a post-column reaction and UV/Vis detection
Immunoprevalence to Six Waterborne Pathogens in Beachgoers at Boquerón Beach, Puerto Rico: Application of a Microsphere-Based Salivary Antibody Multiplex Immunoassay
Giardia lamblia infection in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and dyspepsia: a prospective study
Chlorination decreases acute toxicity of iodophenols through the formation of iodate and chlorinated aliphatic disinfection byproducts.
Optimizing disinfectant residual dosage in engineered water systems to minimize the overall health risks of opportunistic pathogens and disinfection by-products.
Investigation into the content and formation of trihalomethanes and molecular change of dissolved organic matter from a typical water plant in south China.
HIV/AIDS infection increases the risk of non-communicable diseases common in the aged including HIV/AIDS-related malignancies. Discover the latest research in HIV/AIDS-related malignancies.
AIDS Malignancies (ASM)
HIV infection increases the risk of non-communicable diseases common in the aged, including cardiovascular disease, neurocognitive decline, non-aids malignancies, osteoporosis, and frailty. Discover the latest research in AIDS malignancies.