Risk analysis of drinking water microbial contamination versus disinfection by-products (DBPs)

Nicholas John Ashbolt


Managing the provision of safe drinking water has a renewed focus in light of the new World Health Organization (WHO) water safety plans. Risk analysis is a necessary component to assist in selecting priority hazards and identifying hazardous scenarios, be they qualitative to quantitative assessments. For any approach, acute diarrhoeal pathogens are often the higher risk issue for municipal water supplies, no matter how health burden is assessed. Furthermore, potential sequellae (myocarditis, diabetes, reactive arthritis and cancers) only further increase the potential health burden of pathogens; despite the enormous uncertainties in determining pathogen exposures and chemical dose-responses within respective microbial and chemical analyses. These interpretations are currently being improved by Bayesian and bootstrapping approaches to estimate parameters for stochastic assessments. A case example, covering the health benefits of ozonation for Cryptosporidium inactivation versus potential cancers from bromate exposures, illustrated the higher risks from a pathogen than one of the most likely disinfection by-products (DBPs). Such analyses help justify the industries long-held view of the benefits of multiple barriers to hazards a...Continue Reading


Sep 1, 1990·Journal of Chromatographic Science·J W EichelbergerW L Budde
Jan 1, 1985·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·B S NiklassonE Möller
Oct 1, 1993·Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis·C N HaasS Regli
Feb 6, 1998·BMJ : British Medical Journal·M Egger, G D Smith
Feb 14, 1998·BMJ : British Medical Journal·M EggerG Davey Smith
Mar 3, 1998·American Journal of Epidemiology·J F PerzS M Le Blancq
Oct 6, 2000·Environmental Health Perspectives·W D KingA C Allen
Feb 24, 2001·Epidemiology and Infection·A H HavelaarE van Kempen
Oct 31, 2002·Water Research·Benito Corona-VasquezBenito J Mariñas

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jul 31, 2013·International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health·Zihong FanXin Yu
Apr 1, 2014·Journal of Environmental Management·Maria Quero-PastorAsuncion Acevedo
Sep 30, 2005·Journal of Environmental Monitoring : JEM·Ray ButlerElise Cartmell
Nov 15, 2011·Environmental Monitoring and Assessment·Shakhawat Chowdhury
Jun 18, 2011·Food and Chemical Toxicology : an International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association·S H MagnússonH Verhagen
Jun 27, 2008·Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology : RTP·Lesa L AylwardSean M Hays
Apr 6, 2016·Journal of Chromatography. a·Michael K PappoeCharles A Lucy
Jun 22, 2005·Journal of Hazardous Materials·Roberto AndreozziNicklas Paxeus
Aug 31, 2013·The Science of the Total Environment·M J Quero-PastorJ M Quiroga
Jan 19, 2010·Journal of Environmental Monitoring : JEM·Annemarie van WezelWouter van Delft
Dec 20, 2014·Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology·Sourav DasSuraj K Tripathy
Oct 25, 2016·Ultrasonics Sonochemistry·Lingling ZhangAbraham Amenay Zewde
Jun 19, 2016·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Silvia CirilloMoreno Paolini
Jul 30, 2016·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Min LiYuguo Du
Aug 27, 2015·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Alyexandra ArienzoGiovanni Antonini
Apr 27, 2019·Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research·Aunnop WongruengAdisak Siyasukh
Jul 28, 2011·Environmental Monitoring and Assessment·Nicole KnightGlen Shaw
Jan 1, 2008·Environmental Fluid Mechanics·David Kay, Roger Falconer
Mar 11, 2011·Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering·Marcellin FotsingMichele Prevost
Apr 13, 2006·World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG·Barbara GrazioliFrancesco Luzza
Sep 6, 2020·Environmental Pollution·Arun Lal SrivastavVinod Kumar Chaudhary

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

HIV/AIDS-Related Malignancies

HIV/AIDS infection increases the risk of non-communicable diseases common in the aged including HIV/AIDS-related malignancies. Discover the latest research in HIV/AIDS-related malignancies.

AIDS Malignancies (ASM)

HIV infection increases the risk of non-communicable diseases common in the aged, including cardiovascular disease, neurocognitive decline, non-aids malignancies, osteoporosis, and frailty. Discover the latest research in AIDS malignancies.