Risk factors for gastrointestinal complications after spinal fusion in children with cerebral palsy.

Spine Deformity
Bram P VerhofsteMichael P Glotzbecker


Prospective cerebral palsy (CP) registry review. (1) Evaluate the incidence/risk factors of gastrointestinal (GI) complications in CP patients after spinal fusion (SF); and (2) investigate the validity of the modified Clavien-Dindo-Sink classification. Perioperative GI complications result in increased length of stay (LOS) and patient morbidity/mortality. However, none have analyzed the outcomes of GI complications using an objective classification system. A prospective/multicenter CP database identified 425 children (mean, 14.4 ± 2.9 years; range, 7.9-21 years) who underwent SF. GI complications were categorized using the modified Clavien-Dindo-Sink classification. Grades I-II were minor complications and grades III-V major. Patients with and without GI complications were compared. 87 GI complications developed in 69 patients (16.2%): 39 minor (57%) and 30 major (43%). Most common were pancreatitis (n = 45) and ileus (n = 22). Patients with preoperative G-tubes had 2.2 × odds of developing a GI complication compared to oral-only feeders (OR 2.2; 95% CI 0.98-4.78; p = 0.006). Similarly, combined G-tube/oral feeders had 6.7 × odds compared to oral-only (OR 6.7; 95% CI 3.10-14.66; p < 0.001). The likelihood of developing a GI com...Continue Reading


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