Mar 10, 2015

Risk factors for the progression of carotid intima-media thickness over a 16-year follow-up period: the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study

Atherosclerosis
M RosvallG Engström

Abstract

To evaluate the progression of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in the common carotid artery (CCA) and the bifurcation over a mean follow-up of 16 years in relation to cardiovascular risk factors. The study population included 3426 middle-aged Swedish men and women participating in the 1991-1994 (baseline) and the 2007-2012 (re-examination) investigation of the cardiovascular cohort of the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study (MDCS). There were differences in risk factor patterns in arterial segments in that diabetes and male sex were associated with the progression of IMT in the bifurcation, but not in the CCA, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) was associated with the progression of IMT in the CCA, but not in the bifurcation. Favourable changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and HDL during follow-up decreased the IMT progression rate in the CCA. There was a cumulative relationship between traditional cardiovascular risk factors (i.e., regular smoking, LDL/HDL-ratio ≥ 3, hypertension) and IMT progression rates. The odds ratio (OR) of high IMT CCA progression rate (>75th percentile) was 1.0 (reference), 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1, 1.7), 1.7 (95% CI: 1.3, 2.2) and 2.1 (95% CI: 1.4, 3.1),...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Intima
Rupture
Tunica Intima
Laboratory Procedures
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Chemistry, Clinical
Log-Linear Models
Systolic Blood Pressure Measurement
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Common Carotid Artery

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