Risk of arrhythmia and domestic low-voltage electrical injury

Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie
I ClaudetS Salanne


Analysis of domestic low-voltage (220-240 V) electrical injury in children admitted to a pediatric emergency department to illustrate the low risk of initial or delayed risk of arrhythmia. Retrospective study between 2001 and 2008 analyzing all children aged less than 15 years admitted for a low-voltage electrical injury. The data collected were age, sex, time and circumstances of the accident, time and day of admission, transport modalities, presence of risk factors for arrhythmia (transthoracic current, wet skin, tetany, loss of consciousness or neurological symptoms, and initial EKG abnormalities), injuries, EKG, muscular and/or cardiac enzyme values, progression and complications. For statistical analysis, data were entered in Microsoft Excel tables. Analysis was done with StatView5.1 (SAS Institute) and Epi Info 6.04fr (VF, ENSP epiconcept). In the descriptive analysis, the data are presented as mean values with SD, median and range. Forty-eight children were included. The mean annual number of admissions was equal to 6 (range, 3-12). The mean age was 6.2 + or - 4.3 years (median, 4.6 years). There was a male predominance: the overall sex ratio was 1.5, i.e., 3 before the age of 2 and 2.6 before the age of 10. The electric...Continue Reading


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