Diagnostic X-rays are the largest man-made source of radiation exposure to the general population, contributing about 14% of the total annual exposure worldwide from all sources. Although diagnostic X-rays provide great benefits, that their use involves some small risk of developing cancer is generally accepted. Our aim was to estimate the extent of this risk on the basis of the annual number of diagnostic X-rays undertaken in the UK and in 14 other developed countries. We combined data on the frequency of diagnostic X-ray use, estimated radiation doses from X-rays to individual body organs, and risk models, based mainly on the Japanese atomic bomb survivors, with population-based cancer incidence rates and mortality rates for all causes of death, using life table methods. Our results indicate that in the UK about 0.6% of the cumulative risk of cancer to age 75 years could be attributable to diagnostic X-rays. This percentage is equivalent to about 700 cases of cancer per year. In 13 other developed countries, estimates of the attributable risk ranged from 0.6% to 1.8%, whereas in Japan, which had the highest estimated annual exposure frequency in the world, it was more than 3%. We provide detailed estimates of the cancer risk ...Continue Reading
Associated Clinical Trials
Effective doses to members of the public from the diagnostic application of ionizing radiation in Germany
Bar code screening on combed DNA for large rearrangements of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes in French breast cancer families
Nationwide trends in rates of utilization of noninvasive diagnostic imaging among the Medicare population between 1993 and 1999
The state of the art in the 1990's: NCRP Report No. 136 on the scientific bases for linearity in the dose-response relationship for ionizing radiation
Anti-TNF therapy is associated with decreased imaging and radiation exposure in patients with Crohn's disease
Radiation dose in mass screening for gastric cancer with high-concentration barium sulfate compared with moderate-concentration barium sulfate
X-ray in trauma and orthopedic surgery. Physical and biological impact, reasonable use, and radiation protection in the operating room
Evaluation of a 2D fluoroscopy-based navigation system for insertion of femoral neck screws. An experimental study
Radiation exposure of patients from diagnostic and interventional X-ray procedures. Facts, assessment and trends
PROLARA: prognosis-based lifetime attributable risk approximation for cancer from diagnostic radiation exposure.
Cumulative ionizing radiation exposure in patients with end stage kidney disease: a 6-year retrospective analysis
Asbestos Surveillance Program Aachen (ASPA): initial results from baseline screening for lung cancer in asbestos-exposed high-risk individuals using low-dose multidetector-row CT
Polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) plus contrast medium vs PEG alone preparation for CT colonography and conventional colonoscopy in preoperative colorectal cancer staging
How reliable are the risk estimates for X-ray examinations in forensic age estimations? A safety update.
Recommendations for the standardized evaluation and classification of painful temporomandibular disorders: an update
Visceral fat accumulation and insulin resistance are important factors in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Reduction of radiation dose during facet joint injection using the new image guidance system SabreSource: a prospective study in 60 patients.
"Nuclear" medicine physicians as communicators: their point of view on the aftermath of "nuclear" disaster.
Risk of mesothelioma following external beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer: a cohort analysis of SEER database.
Effect of radiation dose and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction on image quality of pulmonary computed tomography
Survey of medical students and junior house doctors on the effects of medical radiation: is medical education deficient?
Evaluation of the risk of radiation exposure from new 18FDG PET/CT plans versus conventional X-ray plans in patients with pediatric cancers
The optimal cardiac phase for detecting the thrombi of the left atrial appendage on multi-slice computed tomography in patients with atrial fibrillation
Imaging techniques, including CT and MR, have become essential to tumor detection, diagnosis, and monitoring. Here is the latest research on cancer imaging.
B-Cell Leukemia (Keystone)
B-cell leukemia includes various types of lymphoid leukemia that affect B cells. Here is the latest research on B-cell leukemia.