Risk of eye splash in obstetric procedures

American Journal of Perinatology
J R TichenorE J Wolf


A prospective cross-sectional study was designed to determine the rates of upper facial splash during obstetric deliveries. Macroscopic splashes on the attached eye shields of surgical masks, worn for obstetric deliveries were enumerated for a sample of parturients during a 3-month period. Masks were collected for 68 vaginal and 44 cesarean deliveries, 31% of all deliveries during the study period. For cesarean deliveries, 68% (30) of all masks worn by primary surgeons had at least one splash; 57% (17) of which were heavily contaminated (more than five splashes). For the first assistant, 68% (30) of all masks had at least one splash; 23% (7) of which were heavily contaminated. During vaginal deliveries 44% (30) of masks worn by the delivering physician had at least one splash; 20% (6) of which were heavily contaminated. The primary surgeon in a cesarean section was 1.6 times as likely to be splashed (P < 0.04) when compared with vaginal deliveries and 4.6 times as likely to be heavily contaminated (P < 0.003). Estimated blood loss and the rate of eye splash were linearly related. Method of delivery was not independently associated with eye splash. These findings suggest that the risk of contamination by splash during obstetric ...Continue Reading


Jun 30, 2001·International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics : the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics·J B Sharma, A Kumar
May 24, 2008·Journal of Endourology·Michael P WinesDavid Tolley
Apr 22, 2008·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·Ruth D HolzmannCarl F Schanbacher
Mar 14, 2008·Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité·P BerthelotJ Hajjar
Aug 3, 2007·The Journal of Hospital Infection·S EndoM Kaku
May 6, 2006·Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery : JPRAS·I R McNamaraE M Sassoon
Sep 7, 2017·Dermatologic Surgery : Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]·David A Pate, Jeremy T Kampp
Jan 9, 1998·British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology·J B SharmaH Annan

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
J B SharmaH Annan
British Journal of Plastic Surgery
R L PollardP Critchley
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jai B SharmaRaksha Arora
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved