Risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in systemic lupus erythematosus pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Yuanyuan DongBin Wang


It is well established that the risks of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus are elevated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. However, the relationship between SLE pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is still obscure. We perform the present systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the relationship between GDM and SLE pregnancy. According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, relevant studies were carefully retrieved through PubMed, Cochrane library and Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database and China Biology Medicine database from inception till 30 August 2018. GDM risk ratio (RR) of pregnant SLE patients versus controls was calculated to evaluate the association between GDM and SLE. Pooled RRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random effects model by R software. The literature retrieval identified 339 potential studies in total, and five studies containing 3432 pregnant participants with 248 GDM events were included finally. Pooled analysis found that the risk of GDM were not significant increased in SLE patients compared to controls (RR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.49 to 2.41, Z = 0.19...Continue Reading


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