Risk of uterine rupture and adverse perinatal outcome at term after cesarean delivery

Obstetrics and Gynecology
Catherine Y SpongNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) Network

Abstract

Current information on the risk of uterine rupture after cesarean delivery has generally compared the risk after trial of labor to that occurring with an elective cesarean delivery without labor. Because antepartum counseling cannot account for whether a woman will develop an indication requiring a repeat cesarean delivery or whether labor will occur before scheduled cesarean delivery, the purpose of this analysis was to provide clinically useful information regarding the risks of uterine rupture and adverse perinatal outcome for women at term with a history of prior cesarean delivery. Women with a term singleton gestation and prior cesarean delivery were studied over 4 years at 19 centers. For this analysis, outcomes from five groups were studied: trial of labor, elective repeat with no labor, elective repeat with labor (women presenting in early labor who subsequently underwent cesarean delivery), indicated repeat with labor, and indicated repeat without labor. All cases of uterine rupture were reviewed centrally to assure accuracy of diagnosis. A total of 39,117 women were studied. In term pregnant women with a prior cesarean delivery, the overall risk for uterine rupture was 0.32% (125 of 39,117), and the overall risk for s...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Postcesarean Section
Pregnancy Outcome
Uterine Rupture
Elective Surgical Procedures
Repeat Cesarean Section

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