Risks in using siphon-reducing devices in adult patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus: bench test investigations with Delta valves

Journal of Neurosurgery
M HassanJ Yamashita


To elucidate the reason for malfunction of Delta valves in patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus, the authors applied a new concept of the bench test and simulated intracranial pressure (ICP) to measure the resultant flow with a complete shunt system. Subcutaneous pressure on the valve, valve implantation site, and postural hydrostatic differential-pressure changes were simulated in this bench test designed for adult patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Subcutaneous pressure ranged within 6.4 +/- 0.09 cm H2O (mean +/- standard deviation) on the 7th day after the implantation of the valve in rats. A linear correlation between valve closing pressures and the external pressure was observed: gradual increase of the latter resulted in an approximately equal rise in the closing pressure. Closing pressure ranged within the physiological variation of ICP (10 +/- 5 cm H2O) in the supine position. In the erect position it was higher than the physiological variation (+5 to -5 cm H2O) when the valve was placed at the level of the foramen of Monro and lower when placed at the level of the clavicle. This observation indicates that the subcutaneous pressure around the Delta valve significantly affects its closing pressure. An ex...Continue Reading


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