Apr 24, 2020

Validation and standardization of a new radial-arm water maze protocol using a murine model of mild closed head traumatic brain injury

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
T. MachedaAdam D Bachstetter

Abstract

Cognitive impairments can be a significant problem after a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which affects millions worldwide each year. There is a need for establish reproducible cognitive assays in rodents to better understand disease mechanisms and to develop therapeutic interventions towards treating TBI-induced impairments. Our goal was to validate and standardize the radial arm water maze (RAWM) test as an assay to screen for cognitive impairments caused by TBI. RAWM is a visuo-spatial learning test, originally designed for use with rats, and later adapted for mice. The present study investigates whether test procedures, such us the presence of extra-maze cues influences learning and memory performance. C57BL/6 mice were tested in an 8-arm RAWM using a four-day protocol. We demonstrated that two days of training, exposing the mice to extra-maze cues and a visible platform, influenced learning and memory performance. Mice that did not receive training performed poorer compared to mice trained. To further validate our RAWM protocol, we used scopolamine.We, also, demonstrated that a single mild closed head injury (CHI) caused deficits in this task at two weeks post-CHI. Our data supported the use of 7 trials per day and a spaced...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
T-Lymphocyte
Genome
Schizophrenia
Tissue Specificity
Brain
Histocompatibility Testing
Joints
DNA Modification Methylases

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