Jun 14, 2005

RNA interference during spermatogenesis in mice

Developmental Biology
Masanobu ShojiN Nakatsuji

Abstract

Spermatogenesis consists of complex cellular and developmental processes, such as the mitotic proliferation of spermatogonial stem cells, meiotic division of spermatocytes, and morphogenesis of haploid spermatids. In this study, we show that RNA interference (RNAi) functions throughout spermatogenesis in mice. We first carried out in vivo DNA electroporation of the testis during the first wave of spermatogenesis to enable foreign gene expression in spermatogenic cells at different stages of differentiation. Using prepubertal testes at different ages and differentiation stage-specific promoters, reporter gene expression was predominantly observed in spermatogonia, spermatocytes, and round spermatids. This method was next applied to introduce DNA vectors that express small hairpin RNAs, and the sequence-specific reduction in the reporter gene products was confirmed at each stage of spermatogenesis. RNAi against endogenous Dmc1, which encodes a DNA recombinase that is expressed and functionally required in spermatocytes, led to the same phenotypes observed in null mutant mice. Thus, RNAi is effective in male germ cells during mitosis and meiosis as well as in haploid cells. This experimental system provides a novel tool for the ra...Continue Reading

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  • Citations28

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Fertility
Embryo
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Flow Cytometry
Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Shuttle Vectors
CCNA1 gene
Abdominal Cavity
Transfection
Physiologic Pulse

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