Apr 25, 2020

CREB1 contributes colorectal cancer cell plasticity by regulating lncRNA CCAT1 and NF-κB pathways

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
LiLiang-Hu Qu

Abstract

The CREB1 gene encodes a pleiotropic transcription factor that frequently dysregulated in cancers. CREB1 can regulates tumour cell status of proliferation or migration, however, the molecular basis for this switch involvement in cell plasticity has not been fully understood. Here, we show that knocking out CREB1 triggered a remarkable effect of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and led to the occurrence of inhibited proliferation and enhanced motility in cancer cells. Mechanistically, CREB1-knockout cells showed arrest in the G0/G1 phase as a result of impaired CREB1-dependent transcription of CCAT1 and E2F1. Interestingly, the competition between the coactivator CBP/p300 for CREB1 and p65 leads to the activation of the NF-{kappa}B pathway in cells with CREB1 disrupted, which induces an EMT phenotype and enhances motility. These studies identified previously unknown mechanisms of CREB1 in cell plasticity via its lncRNA and protein effector pathways, revealing an important feature that should be considered in CREB1-targeted tumour therapies.

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