Apr 5, 2020

Behavioral thermal tolerance predicts distribution pattern but not habitat use in sympatric Neotropical frogs

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Juan Camilo Diaz RicaurteM. Martins


Environmental temperatures are a major constraint on ectotherm abundance and diversity, influencing their distribution and natural history. Comparing thermal tolerances with environmental temperatures is a simple way to estimate thermal constraints on species distributions. We investigate the potential effects of thermal tolerance on anuran local (habitat) and global distribution patterns and associated behavioral responses. We tested for differences in Voluntary Thermal Maximum of two sympatric frog species of the genus Physalaemus in the Cerrado ecoregion. For each species, we constructed models to assess the effects of period of day, duration of experiment, initial body mass, initial body temperature and heating rate on the VTMax. We mapped the difference between VTMax and maximum daily temperature (VTMax - ETMax) for each occurrence point. Physalaemus nattereri had a significantly higher VTMax than P. cuvieri. For P. nattereri, the model including only period of day was chosen as the best to explain variation in the VTMax. For P. cuvieri, no model was selected as best to predict VTMax. The VTMax - ETMax values were significantly different between species, with P. nattereri mostly found in localities that attain maximum temp...Continue Reading

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High Throughput Screening
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Blood or Tissue
Maximum Likelihood Estimation

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