Role of angiogenesis-related genes in cleft lip/palate: review of the literature

International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C François-FiquetM Doco-Fenzy


Cleft lip and cleft palate (CLP) are the most common congenital craniofacial anomalies. They have a multifactorial etiology and result from an incomplete fusion of the facial buds. Two main mechanisms, acting alone or interacting with each other, were evidenced in this fusion defect responsible for CLP: defective tissue development and/or defective apoptosis in normal or defective tissues. The objective of this work was to study the implication and role of angiogenesis-related genes in the etiology of CL/P. Our methodological approach included a systematic and thorough analysis of the genes involved in CL/P (syndromic and non-syndromic forms) including previously identified genes but also genes that could potentially be angiogenesis-related (OMIM, Pub Med).We studied the interactions of these different genes and their relationships with potential environmental factors. TGFβ, FGA, PDGFc, PDGFRa, FGF, FGFR1, FGFR2 growth factors as well as MMP and TIMP2 proteolytic enzymes are involved in the genesis of CLP (P>L). Furthermore, 18 genes involved in CLP also interact with angiogenesis-related genes. Even if the main angiogenesis-related genes involved in CLP formation are genes participating in several biological activities and the...Continue Reading


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Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate
Fibroblast Growth Factor
Growth Factor
Peptide Hydrolases
Transforming Growth Factor beta

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