Mar 1, 1976

Role of D-tryptophan oxidase in D-tryptophan utilization by Escherichia coli

Journal of Bacteriology
R HadarJ Kuhn


Mutants of Escherichia coli K-12 that require L-tryptophan (trp) are normally unable to utilize D-tryptophan to fulfill their requirement. However, secondary mutations (dadR) that confer this ability can be isolated. In such strains two distinct enzymes are found to be produced at high levels: D-amino acid oxidase (EC and D-tryptophan oxidase. A convenient assay procedure for D-tryptophan oxidase is described. The two enzymes could be distinguished on the basis of their sensitivity to inhibition by L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine. Strains that were trp dadR could not grow with D-tryptophan in the presence of L-phenylalanine, but further mutations, Fyo, could be isolated that allowed growth under these conditions. Some of them were characterized by further increases in the level of D-tryptophan oxidase activity and a sharp decrease in D-amino acid oxidase. These kinds of Fyo mutations lay in or near the dadR gene. The substrate specificity of the two enzymes toward a large number of compounds was examined. The transamination of aromatic keto acids was investigated. In the wild-type strain only a single enzyme, transaminase A (EC, was found, and it was irreversibly activated when subjected to elevated temperature...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations4


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Stereochemistry
D-Amino Acid Dehydrogenase
Keto Acids
Enzymes, antithrombotic
DAO gene
Tyrosine Aminotransferase
Mitochondrial Aspartate Aminotransferase

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.