PMID: 7643655Mar 1, 1995Paper

Role of equalisation mammography of dense breasts

Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
D B PlewesR Shumak


Parenchymal patterns characteristic of dense breasts are known to degrade the mammographic detection of small breast cancers and microcalcifications. This arises from large variations in exposure of the film, resulting in reduced image contrast over areas of suboptimal exposure. Based on sensitometric measurements of mammograms from a typical patient population, it is shown that over 60% of a typical mammogram in Wolfe's DY classification was found to be exposed suboptimally, suggesting a significant margin for improving mammography for these patients. In order to address this problem, a prototype mammographic version of scanning equalisation radiography (MSER) has been developed, which delivers a patient-specific spatially non-uniform distribution of breast exposure, adjusted to maintain optimal film exposure and contrast over the entire mammogram. Anthropomorphic phantom MSER images show a marked improvement in subjective image quality relative to conventional mammograms, while exhibiting a similar radiation risk. The detection of small microcalcifications and fibrils over clinically significant breast densities is found to be improved by factors eight and four, respectively. Such a system may be clinically practical through ...Continue Reading


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