PMID: 9276362Jul 15, 1997Paper

Role of mitomycin C in the development of late bowel toxicity following chemoradiation for locally advanced carcinoma of the cervix

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
E RakovitchP M Leung

Abstract

To determine if the inclusion of mitomycin C (MMC) in chemoradiation protocols for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) significantly enhances the development of serious (Grade 3) late bowel toxicity (SLBT). The incidence of SLBT in 154 patients with LACC entered in six consecutive chemoradiotherapy protocols between February 1982 and June 1987 was determined. Fifty-four patients who were treated with MMC, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and radiation were compared to 100 patients who received similar treatment without MMC. Univariate and multivariate analyses assessed the effect of the following parameters on the development of SLBT: (a) external beam dose, (b) rectal and rectosigmoid dose, (c) paraaortic radiation, (d) intracavitary dose and dose rate, (e) volume of tissue irradiated to a total dose of 60 Gy, (f) International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, (g) age, (h) number of courses of 5-FU, (i) previous abdominopelvic surgery, (j) split versus continuous radiation, and (k) administration of MMC. The overall incidence of SLBT was 15.6%: 14 of 54 (26%) versus 10 of 100 (10%) for patients who did or did not receive MMC, respectively (p = 0.009). Multivariate analysis revealed the administration of MMC as the only...Continue Reading

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