Role of nuclear receptor corepressor RIP140 in metabolic syndrome

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Meritxell RosellMalcolm G Parker

Abstract

Obesity and its associated complications, which can lead to the development of metabolic syndrome, are a worldwide major public health concern especially in developed countries where they have a very high prevalence. RIP140 is a nuclear coregulator with a pivotal role in controlling lipid and glucose metabolism. Genetically manipulated mice devoid of RIP140 are lean with increased oxygen consumption and are resistant to high-fat diet-induced obesity and hepatic steatosis with improved insulin sensitivity. Moreover, white adipocytes with targeted disruption of RIP140 express genes characteristic of brown fat including CIDEA and UCP1 while skeletal muscles show a shift in fibre type composition enriched in more oxidative fibres. Thus, RIP140 is a potential therapeutic target in metabolic disorders. In this article we will review the role of RIP140 in tissues relevant to the appearance and progression of the metabolic syndrome and discuss how the manipulation of RIP140 levels or activity might represent a therapeutic approach to combat obesity and associated metabolic disorders. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Translating nuclear receptors from health to disease.

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Related Concepts

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Response to Cold
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
NRIP1 wt Allele
Brown Fat
Biochemical Pathway
Lipogenesis
Insulin Sensitivity
PPARA wt Allele

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