Role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) in the bronchopulmonary alterations and beta-adrenoceptor function induced by endotoxin

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
C TouvayP Braquet


The possibility that PAF is implicated in the alterations of the beta-adrenoceptor function observed during endotoxemia was investigated. Lung parenchymal strips (LPS) from endotoxin-treated guinea-pig demonstrated specific desensitization to low doses of PAF whereas the contractions induced by histamine and leukotriene D4 were slightly affected. In addition, histamine-contracted LPS from endotoxin-injected animals exhibited decreased responsiveness to isoproterenol, a phenomenon not observed with guinea-pigs also treated with the specific PAF antagonist, BN 52021. No alteration of the sensitivity to isoproterenol of LPS preincubated with PAF was noted, suggesting an indirect effect of the autacoid on beta-adrenoceptor function.


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