Jul 1, 1976

Role of polyadenylic acid in a deoxyribonucleic acid-membrane fraction extracted from pneumococci

Journal of Bacteriology
W FirsheinJ Viggiani

Abstract

After the addition of radioactive polyadenylic acid to cell suspensions of pneumocci, part of the radioactivity becomes associated with a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-membrane fraction extracted from the cells. A variety of techniques show that a portion of this associated radioactivity may represent oligoadenylates complexed to DNA, probaby as part of a ribonucleic acid (RNA) component. Polyadenylic acid, which had previously been shown to enhance DNA synthesis in cell suspensions (Firshein and Benson, 1968), also enhances the extent of DNA synthesis by the DNA-membrane fraction in vitro under specific conditions of concentration and conformation. The mechanism of action of this enhancement may be related to the ability of oligoadenylates to increase the number of initiation sites for DNA replication by stimulating the production of an RNA primer, thus providing additional 3'-OH groups with which DNA polymerase can react.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Adenine Polynucleotides
Membrane Fraction
Transcription Initiation
Oligonucleotide Primers
Genetic Template
Subcellular Fractions
DNA Biosynthetic Process
DNA Replication
DNA Replication Pathway
Cell-Free System

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