Role of SpoIVA ATPase Motifs during Clostridioides difficile Sporulation.

Journal of Bacteriology
Hector Benito de la PueblaAimee Shen


The nosocomial pathogen Clostridioides difficile is a spore-forming obligate anaerobe that depends on its aerotolerant spore form to transmit infections. Functional spore formation depends on the assembly of a proteinaceous layer known as the coat around the developing spore. In C. difficile, coat assembly depends on the conserved spore protein SpoIVA and the clostridial-organism-specific spore protein SipL, which directly interact. Mutations that disrupt their interaction cause the coat to mislocalize and impair spore formation. In Bacillus subtilis, SpoIVA is an ATPase that uses ATP hydrolysis to drive its polymerization around the forespore. Loss of SpoIVA ATPase activity impairs B. subtilis SpoIVA encasement of the forespore and activates a quality control mechanism that eliminates these defective cells. Since this mechanism is lacking in C. difficile, we tested whether mutations in the C. difficile SpoIVA ATPase motifs impact functional spore formation. Disrupting C. difficile SpoIVA ATPase motifs resulted in phenotypes that were typically >104-fold less severe than the equivalent mutations in B. subtilis Interestingly, mutation of ATPase motif residues predicted to abrogate SpoIVA binding to ATP decreased the SpoIVA-SipL ...Continue Reading


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Methods Mentioned

coaffinity purification
transmission electron microscopy
two hybrid

Software Mentioned

Adobe Photoshop CC

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