Nov 5, 2018

Role of the Fourth Transmembrane Segment in TRAAK Channel Mechanosensitivity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Mingfeng ZhangZhiqiang Yan

Abstract

Mechanosensitive ion channels such as Piezo, TRAAK, TRPs and OSCA are important transmembrane proteins that are involved in many physiological processes such as touch, hearing and blood pressure regulation. Unlike ligand-gated channels or voltage-gated ion channels, which have a canonical ligand-binding domain or voltage-sensing domain, the mechanosensitive domain and related gating mechanism remain elusive. TRAAK channels are mechanosensitive channels that convert a physical mechanical force into a flow of potassium ions. The structures of TRAAK channels have been solved, however, the functional roles of the structural domains associated with channel mechanosensitivity remains unclear. Here, we generated a series of chimeric mutations between TRAAK and a non-mechanosensitive silent TWIK-1 K2P channel. We found that the selectivity filter region functions as the major gate of outward rectification and found that lower part of fourth transmembrane domain (M4) is necessary for TRAAK channel mechanosensitivity. We further demonstrated that upper part of M4 can modulate the mechanosensitivity of TRAAK channel. Furthermore, we found that hydrophilic substitutions of W262 and F121 facing each other, and hydrophobic substitutions of Q...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tryptophan
Blood Pressure Regulation
Membrane
Integral Membrane Proteins
Transmembrane Domain
Chimera Organism
Molecular_function
KCNK1 gene
M4 Additive/Preservative
Integral to Membrane

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