Mar 15, 2016

Role of the Retromer Complex in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Chaosi LiLifeng Yang

Abstract

The retromer complex is a protein complex that plays a central role in endosomal trafficking. Retromer dysfunction has been linked to a growing number of neurological disorders. The process of intracellular trafficking and recycling is crucial for maintaining normal intracellular homeostasis, which is partly achieved through the activity of the retromer complex. The retromer complex plays a primary role in sorting endosomal cargo back to the cell surface for reuse, to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), or alternatively to specialized endomembrane compartments, in which the cargo is not subjected to lysosomal-mediated degradation. In most cases, the retromer acts as a core that interacts with associated proteins, including sorting nexin family member 27 (SNX27), members of the vacuolar protein sorting 10 (VPS10) receptor family, the major endosomal actin polymerization-promoting complex known as Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and scar homolog (WASH), and other proteins. Some of the molecules carried by the retromer complex are risk factors for neurodegenerative diseases. Defects such as haplo-insufficiency or mutations in one or several units of the retromer complex lead to various pathologies. Here, we summarize the molecular arc...Continue Reading

  • References127
  • Citations2

References

  • References127
  • Citations2

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathogenic Aspects
SNX27 gene
Endomembrane System
Pathogenesis
WASH6P
Complex (molecular entity)
Protoplasm
Nerve Degeneration
Trafficking
Retromer Complex

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