PMID: 8284945Aug 1, 1993Paper

Role of tissue glutathione in prevention of surgical trauma

Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
P T LiuD V Parke

Abstract

1. Surgical trauma has been associated with pre-anaesthesia fasting, anaesthetic toxicity, haemorrhage, hypovolaemic shock, and other pathological phenomena. Tissue glutathione (GSH), thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBAR), and radical-trapping activity (RTA) have been determined at various time intervals after fasting, anaesthesia, and also after hepatic ischaemia and reperfusion as a model for haemorrhage and hypovolaemic shock. 2. Light ether anaesthesia of rats resulted in an immediate (5 min) and progressive decrease in liver and kidney total glutathione (GSH and GSSG), which was much greater in animals that had been fasted for 20 h. TBARs, a measure of lipid peroxidation, in rat liver and kidney increased as total GSH decreased. Fasting (20 h) alone decreased tissue GSH by 50%, and increased TBAR 100%; fasting plus 30 min of ether anaesthesia decreased tissue glutathione by 80 to 85%, and increased TBAR by some 600%. 3. Liver ischaemia alone decreased total liver GSH by 20% in the fed rat, and 50% in the fasted rat. Ischaemia, followed by reperfusion, decreased liver total GSH by 70% in the fed rat, and 90% in the fasted rat. The ratio of GSH/GSSG decreased from 16 in control animals to 7 in the fasted ischaemic r...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Jul 1, 1995·Science and Engineering Ethics·Dennis V Parke
Nov 19, 2003·Nitric Oxide : Biology and Chemistry·Charles Henry CottartJ P Clot
Mar 24, 2004·Inflammopharmacology·A L ParkeD V Parke
Aug 24, 2002·Pediatric Research·Floor A JenniskensCharles V Smith
Dec 1, 1996·Environmental Health Perspectives·D V Parke
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May 29, 2012·Experimental and Molecular Pathology·Christoph DornClaus Hellerbrand
Jul 8, 2000·JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·P Fürst
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Apr 14, 2006·European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes·Uta KerkwegHerbert de Groot

Related Concepts

Ethyl ether
Fasting
Reduced Glutathione
Liver
Oxidation-Reduction
Postoperative Complications
Lipid Peroxidation
Reperfusion Injury
Rats, Wistar
Reactive Oxygen Species

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