May 16, 2008

Roles of conserved intracellular sequences regions for the proper expression of dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptors

Archives of Pharmacal Research
Eun-Young ChoKyeong-Man Kim

Abstract

The dopamine D(2) receptor and D(3) receptor (D(2)R, D(3)R) have high homology in both their amino acid composition and signaling pathways. Virtually all signaling pathways reported thus far overlap between the two receptors with the exception that the D(3)R signals are 2 approximately 5 times less efficient than D(2)R. Previous studies have suggested that conformational constraints of D(3)R might be responsible for the poor coupling with the G protein. To this hypothesis, point mutations were introduced into some of the conserved regions between D(2)R and D(3)R, and their effects on receptor expression were investigated. Among the four conserved intracellular receptor regions examined (TTT motif in the 1(st) intracellular loop, SS motif in the 2(nd) intracellular loop, YxxL and TxxS/xS motifs in the 3(rd) intracellular loop), a mutation of the Thr-Thr-Thr (TTT) motif in the first intracellular loop or the LxxY motif in the 3(rd) intracellular loop markedly decreased the level of D(3)R expression compared with D(2)R. The TTT motif was further mutated individually or in combination to test which residue plays a critical role on the expression of the receptor proteins. Different amino acids between D(2)R and D(3)R in the 1(st) in...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Conserved Sequence
Transfection
Dopamine D3 receptor
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Subcellular Space
Protoplasm
Dopamine D2 Receptor
Receptor Expression
Triplet, Centriole

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