Apr 10, 2020

Rotating frame MRI relaxations as markers of diffuse white matter abnormalities in multiple sclerosis

NeuroImage. Clinical
Pavel FilipSilvia Mangia

Abstract

Even though MRI visualization of white matter lesions is pivotal for the diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis (MS), the issue of detecting diffuse brain tissue damage beyond the apparent T2-hyperintense lesions continues to spark considerable interest. Motivated by the notion that rotating frame MRI methods are sensitive to slow motional regimes critical for tissue characterization, here we utilized novel imaging protocols of rotating frame MRI on a clinical 3 Tesla platform, including adiabatic longitudinal, T1ρ, and transverse, T2ρ, relaxation methods, and Relaxation Along a Fictitious Field (RAFF) in the rotating frame of rank 4 (RAFF4), in 10 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients and 10 sex- and age-matched healthy controls. T1ρ, T2ρ and RAFF4 relaxograms extracted from the whole white matter exhibited a significant shift towards longer relaxation time constants in MS patients as compared to controls. T1ρ and RAFF4 detected alterations even when considering only regions of normally appearing white matter (NAWM), while other MRI metrics such as T1w/T2w ratio and diffusion tensor imaging measures failed to find group differences. In addition, RAFF4, T2ρ and, to a lesser extent, T1ρ showed differences in su...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

White Matter Hyperintensities
Diagnostic Imaging
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Gray Matter
Rotation (Malposition) (Morphologic Abnormality)
Brain
Detection
Detected (Finding)
Leukoencephalopathies
Transverse - Anatomical Location

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