Nov 5, 2019

Rousettus aegyptiacus Bats Do Not Support Productive Nipah Virus Replication

The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Stephanie N SeifertVincent J Munster

Abstract

Nipah virus (NiV) is a bat-borne zoonotic pathogen that can cause severe respiratory distress and encephalitis upon spillover into humans. Nipah virus is capable of infecting a broad range of hosts including humans, pigs, ferrets, dogs, cats, hamsters, and at least 2 genera of bats. Little is known about the biology of NiV in the bat reservoir. In this study, we evaluate the potential for the Egyptian fruit bat (EFB), Rousettus aegyptiacus, to serve as a model organism for studying NiV in bats. Our data suggest that NiV does not efficiently replicate in EFBs in vivo. Furthermore, we show a lack of seroconversion against NiV glycoprotein and a lack of viral replication in primary and immortalized EFB-derived cell lines. Our data show that despite using a conserved target for viral entry, NiV replication is limited in some bat species. We conclude that EFBs are not an appropriate organism to model NiV infection or transmission in bats.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Nipah Virus
Virus Replication
Egyptians
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Rousettus egyptiacus
Encephalitis
Zoonoses
Disease Transmission

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