PMID: 4658995Sep 1, 1972Paper

S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase from human prostate. Activation by putrescine

The Biochemical Journal
V ZappiaG Della Pietra


1. The presence of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in human prostate gland is reported. A satisfactory radiochemical enzymic assay was developed and the enzyme was partially characterized. 2. Putrescine stimulates the reaction rate by up to 6-fold at pH7.5: the apparent activation constant was estimated to be 0.13mm. The stimulation is pH-dependent and a maximal effect is observed at acid pH values. 3. Putrescine activation is rather specific: other polyamines, such as spermidine and spermine, did not show any appreciable effect. 4. The apparent K(m) for the substrate is 4x10(-5)m. The calculated S-adenosylmethionine content of human prostate (0.18mumol/g wet wt. of tissue) demonstrates that the cellular amounts of sulphonium compound are saturating with respect to the enzyme. 5. The enzyme is moderately stable at 0 degrees C and is rapidly inactivated at 40 degrees C. The optimum pH is about 7.5, with one-half of the maximal activity occurring at pH6.6. 6. Several carboxy-(14)C-labelled analogues and derivatives of S-adenosylmethionine were tested as substrates. The enzyme appears to be highly specific: the replacement of the 6'-amino group of the sulphonium compound alone results in a complete loss of activity. 7. Inhibiti...Continue Reading

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