Analyze efficacy, safety of endoscopic therapy for duodenal duplication cysts (DDC) by comprehensively reviewing case reports.Tandem, independent, systematic, computerized, literature searches were performed via PubMed using medical subject headings or Keywords "cyst" and "duodenal" and "duplication"; or "cyst", and "endoscopy" or "endoscopic", and "therapy" or "decompression"; with reconciliation of generated references by two experts. Case report followed CARE guidelines.Literature review revealed 28 cases (mean = 1.3 ± 1.2 cases/report). Endoscopic therapy is increasingly reported recently (1984-1999: 3 cases, 2000-2015: 25 cases, P = 0.003, OR = 8.33, 95%-CI: 1.77-44.5). Fourteen (54%) of 26 patients were men (unknown-sex = 2). Mean age = 32.2 ± 18.3 years old. Procedure indications: acute pancreatitis-16, abdominal pain-8, jaundice-2, gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction-1, asymptomatic cyst-1. Mean maximal DDC dimension = 3.20 ± 1.53 cm (range, 1-6.5 cm). Endoscopic techniques included cyst puncture via needle knife papillotomy (NKP)/papillotome-18, snare resection of cyst-7, cystotome-2, and cyst needle aspiration/ligation-1. Endoscopic therapy was successful in all cases. Among 24 initially symptomatic patients, all remain...Continue Reading
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