Conducted electrical weapons such as the Taser are commonly used by law enforcement agencies. The safety of these weapons has been the subject of scrutiny and controversy; previous controlled studies in animals and healthy humans may not accurately reflect the risks of conducted electrical weapons used in actual conditions. We seek to determine the safety and injury profile of conducted electrical weapons used against criminal suspects in a field setting. This prospective, multicenter, observational trial tracked a consecutive case series of all conducted electrical weapon uses against criminal suspects at 6 US law enforcement agencies. Mandatory review of each conducted electrical weapon use incorporated physician review of police and medical records. Injuries were classified as mild, moderate, or severe according to a priori definitions. The primary outcome was a composite of moderate and severe injuries, termed significant injuries. Conducted electrical weapons were used against 1,201 subjects during 36 months. One thousand one hundred twenty-five subjects (94%) were men; the median age was 30 years (range 13 to 80 years). Mild or no injuries were observed after conducted electrical weapon use in 1,198 subjects (99.75%; 95% ...Continue Reading
Acidosis, lactate, electrolytes, muscle enzymes, and other factors in the blood of Sus scrofa following repeated TASER exposures
The relative risk of police use-of-force options: evaluating the potential for deployment of electronic weaponry
Taser-induced rapid ventricular myocardial capture demonstrated by pacemaker intracardiac electrograms
15-Second conducted electrical weapon exposure does not cause core temperature elevation in non-environmentally stressed resting adults
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Twelve-lead electrocardiogram monitoring of subjects before and after voluntary exposure to the Taser X26
The effect of an electronic control device on muscle injury as determined by creatine kinase enzyme.
Funding source and author affiliation in TASER research are strongly associated with a conclusion of device safety
Pathophysiologic changes due to TASER® devices versus excited delirium: potential relevance to deaths-in-custody?
Emergency department evaluation after conducted energy weapon use: review of the literature for the clinician
The respiratory, metabolic, and neuroendocrine effects of a new generation electronic control device
Presenting rhythm in sudden deaths temporally proximate to discharge of TASER conducted electrical weapons
Commentary on: Jauchem J. Increased hematocrit after applications of conducted energy weapons (including TASER devices) to Sus scrofa. J Forensic Sci 2011;56 (S1): S229-33
An animal model to investigate effectiveness and safety of conducted energy weapons (including TASER devices)
A TASER conducted electrical weapon with cardiac biomonitoring capability: Proof of concept and initial human trial
Sudden cardiac arrest and death following application of shocks from a TASER electronic control device
Letter by Heegaard et al regarding article, "sudden cardiac arrest and death following application of shocks from a TASER electronic control device"
Numerically simulated cardiac exposure to electric current densities induced by TASER X-26 pulses in adult men
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