DOI: 10.1101/454983Oct 29, 2018Paper

Salicylate increases fitness cost associated with MarA-mediated antibiotic resistance

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Tiebin WangMary J. Dunlop

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is generally associated with a fitness deficit resulting from the burden of producing and maintaining resistance machinery. This additional cost suggests that resistant bacteria will be outcompeted by susceptible bacteria in conditions without antibiotics. However, in practice this process is slow due in part to regulation that minimizes expression of these genes in the absence of antibiotics. This suggests that if it were possible to turn on their expression, the cost would increase, thereby accelerating removal of resistant strains. Experimental and theoretical studies have shown that environmental chemicals can change the fitness cost associated with resistance and therefore have a significant impact on population dynamics. MarA (multiple antibiotic resistance activator) is a clinically important regulator in Escherichia coli which activates downstream genes to increase resistance against multiple classes of antibiotics. Salicylate is an inducer of MarA which can be found in the environment and de-represses marA's expression. In this study, we sought to unravel the interplay between salicylate and the fitness cost of MarA-mediated antibiotic resistance. Using salicylate as a natural inducer of MarA, we ...Continue Reading

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