Salt and water excretion by birds: the lower intestine as an integrator of renal and intestinal excretion

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology
D H Thomas

Abstract

1. In the fowl, the small intestine is important for net absorption of Ca2+ and K+, but not for Na+ nor water (in this and several other species). 2. Net water absorption in birds with large saccate caeca occurs in caeca greater than rectum greater than coprodeum, but net Na+ absorption (an active process motivating other absorptive functions) occurs in rectum less than caeca and coprodeum. 3. Interspecific variability and the scarcity of comparative studies militate against broad, well-founded generalisations in this subject.

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Aves
Body Water
Calcium
Cecum
Cloaca Chamber
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Intestines, Small
Kidney
Potassium

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