Salt-dependent binding of Escherichia coli initiation factor 3 to nucleic acids determined by sedimentation partition chromatography

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
B SchmidtT Schleich


The binding of 14CH3- initiation factor 3 (IF3) to polynucleotides is strongly dependent upon the concentration of added salt. The observed association constant, Kobs, increases by ca. a factor of 10(2) when the NaCl concentration is lowered from 200 to 100 mM for the binding of 14CH3-IF3 to all nucleic acids examined. This salt-dependent binding suggests that at physiological salt concentrations the formation of an IF3-polynucleotide complex is primarily driven by the release of cations from the nucleic acid, although anion effects are involved also. For single-stranded nucleic acids, nonelectrostatic interactions may contribute a factor of 10(2) to the value of Kobs, although accurate assessment of these interactions is complicated by anion effects. The binding of 14CH3-IF3 to the double helix, poly(A).poly(U), appears to be exclusively electrostatic. 14CH3-IF3 forms a maximum of 8 +/- 2 ion pairs with most single-stranded polynucleotides. The value of Kobs increases from ca. 10(3) to 10(5) M-1 when the NaCl concentration is lowered from 200 to 100 mM for the binding of 14CH3-IF3 to poly(A), poly(C), poly(U), and poly(A).poly(U). At physiological salt concentrations, IF3 shows no preference for any of these bases or for singl...Continue Reading


Feb 24, 1976·Biochemistry·C L Pon, C Gualerzi

Related Concepts

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Peptide Initiation Factors
Adenine Polynucleotides
Poly C
Poly U
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.