PMID: 10767572Apr 18, 2000Paper

Salt form selection and characterization of LY333531 mesylate monohydrate

International Journal of Pharmaceutics
G L EngelL L Winneroski

Abstract

LY333531 is a potent protein kinase C(beta) (PKC(beta)) inhibitor currently under development for the treatment of diabetic complications. Seven salts of LY333531 (hydrochloride, sulfate, mesylate, succinate, tartrate, acetate and phosphate) were evaluated during the early phase of development. Physical property screening techniques including microscopy, DSC, TGA, XRPD, hygroscopicity and solubility were utilized to narrow the selection to two salts: the mesylate and hydrochloride. Identification of the optimal salt form was based upon solubility, bioavailability, physical stability and purity. During the evaluation process three hydrated forms (anhydrate, monohydrate, and tetrahydrate) of the hydrochloride salt were identified. The mesylate salt was found to give only one, a monohydrate. Processing parameters (e.g. filtration rate, crystal form stability) demonstrated that the anhydrate was the preferred form of the hydrochloride salt. Bioavailability studies in dogs indicated that the C(max) and area under the plasma concentration vs. time curve (AUC) for LY333531 and its active metabolite, LY338522, following administration of the mesylate salt were approximately 2.6 times those obtained after the LY333531 HCl dose. This dif...Continue Reading

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