PMID: 6233245May 1, 1984Paper

Salutary effect of fall in abdominal pressure during diaphragm paralysis

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
S KellyAndré De Troyer


To examine the mechanical effects of the fall in abdominal pressure (Pab) that occurs during inspiration in diaphragmatic paralysis, we studied lung inflation and rib cage expansion before and after the abdomen was opened in nine spontaneously breathing dogs with bilateral phrenicotomy . We measured Pab, tidal volume, and parasternal electromyographic (EMG) activity during quiet breathing and CO2-induced hyperpnea. In six dogs, we also measured changes in anteroposterior and transverse rib cage diameters, the resting length of the parasternal intercostal muscles, and the amount of shortening of these muscles during inspiration. Opening the abdomen caused a marked reduction in the fall in Pab during inspiration and invariably resulted in a decrease in tidal volume (mean decrease, 13%), which contrasted with marked increases in inspiratory rib cage expansion and in the amount of parasternal intercostal shortening. The procedure, however, did not affect the resting length or inspiratory EMG activity of the parasternals . These findings indicate that although the fall in Pab, which occurs during inspiration in diaphragmatic paralysis, causes paradoxical inward displacement of the ventral abdominal wall, it has a salutary effect on ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
M DecramerE Derom
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
André De TroyerS C Gandevia
Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
André De Troyer, M G Sampson
Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
André De Troyer, M Estenne
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved