Salvage of the solitary kidney by insertion of a renal artery stent

AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
H M ShannonJ Moss

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the use of renal artery stents in the solitary functioning kidney of patients who have impaired renal function as a result of atherosclerotic renovascular disease by assessing primary patency, renal function outcome, and complication rates during a mean follow-up period of 15 months. The Palmaz stent was placed in the arteries of 21 patients with solitary functioning kidneys. All patients had impaired renal function (creatinine level >150 micromol/l), and four patients were undergoing renal dialysis. Indications for stenting were recoil after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (n = 12), arterial dissection after angioplasty (n = 2), restenosis after angioplasty (n = 1), and as the primary intervention (n = 6). Follow-up angiography was performed in 16 patients (76%). Initial technical success was achieved in all patients (residual stenosis, <5%). At follow-up (range, 6-25 months), renal function had returned to normal in five patients (24%), improved in four patients (19%), stabilized in six patients (29%), and deteriorated in six patients (29%). Dialysis has been discontinued in all four dialysis patients. Major complications occurred in four patients (19%), including one death withi...Continue Reading

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