Mar 8, 2013

Saphenous vein graft perforation during percutaneous coronary intervention: a case series

The Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Konstantinos MarmagkiolisLuc Bilodeau

Abstract

The outcomes of perforation during aortocoronary saphenous vein graft (SVG) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are poorly studied. We reviewed all 12 SVG perforations that occurred between November 2005 and November 2011 at two tertiary referral centers. The acute and long-term outcomes of these patients were examined. The perforation was located in the SVG body (n = 6), aortic (n = 3), or distal (n = 3) anastomosis. Most perforations occurred after stent implantation (n = 5) or after stent postdilation (n = 3). The perforation was Ellis class I in 1 patient, II in 3 patients, III in 4 patients, and III with cavity spilling in 3 patients. The perforation spontaneously sealed without requiring further treatment in 3 patients. In the remaining 9 patients, the perforation was treated with prolonged balloon inflation (n = 2) or covered stent implantation (n = 5), but could not be treated in 2 patients who died during the procedure. Seven of the 10 survivors underwent follow-up angiography 5 months to 2 years after the perforation. The target SVG was occluded in 5 patients and had developed severe stenosis in the remaining 2 patients. SVG perforation during PCI carries a high mortality and frequently requires implantation of a...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Rupture
Anatomical Anastomosis
Stent, Device
Saphenous Vein
Myocardial Infarction
Blastocyst Implantation, Natural
Gastroschisis
Body Cavities
Dental Caries
Stenosis (invertebrate)

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