DOI: 10.1101/516096Jan 9, 2019Paper

Sarcopenia is an independent predictor of hospitalization in chronic kidney disease outpatients

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hye Yun JeongSo-Young Lee


Background Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience much more marked and earlier muscle wasting than subjects who do not have chronic illnesses. However, a few studies that have examined sarcopenia have been reported in CKD patients. We investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in predialysis and dialysis outpatients with CKD and explored its relationship with the clinical outcomes. Measurements Sarcopenia was defined as reduced muscle strength accompanied by decreased adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM), while those patients who exhibited only one of these characteristics were categorized as presarcopenic patients. ASM was measured by bioimpedence analysis, and muscle strength was evaluated by handgrips. ASM was adjusted by weight (ASM/wt). Patients were prospectively followed for up to 2 years. Results One hundred seventy-nine patients were recruited (114 male and 65 female patients who were classified into 103 predialysis patients and 76 dialysis patients, with 44.7% having diabetes). Their mean age was 60.6 ± 13.5 years old. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 9.5%, while 55.9% of the patients were categorized as presarcopenic. The ASM/wt index showed significant correlations with age, handgrip strength, H...Continue Reading

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Chronic Disease
Dialysis Procedure
Proportional Hazards Models
Skeletal Muscle Structure

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